Industar-22 1: 3,5 F = 5cm P (KMZ, 1954), a review from a reader of Radozhiva

Review of the lens Industar-22 1: 3,5 F = 5cm P (KMZ, 1954) for Radozhiva prepared Rodion Eshmakov.



Characteristics of Industar-22

Optical design: Tessar (4 elements, three groups)
Angle of View: 46 degrees
Resolution (center / edge): 32/22 lin / mm
Filter thread: 33 * 0,5 mm
Aperture: F / 3.5-16, 8 rounded blades
MDF: 1 m
Mount: M39 * 1, working distance 45.2 mm

Appearance, design features, ergonomics

This is a rare SLR version of Industar-22, which was intended for the first Zenit cameras: Zenit and Zenit-S.
Specifically, this specimen is, apparently, the very first modification of this lens for SLR cameras: such details as the presence of a leash for focusing indicate (a vestigial that came from rangefinder cameras); aperture scale on the ring with marking and MDF, equal to 1 m (which also came from FEDs and Zorkikh).

The lens case, as well as the case of almost all old lenses, is made of aluminum alloy. In general, the lens seemed pretty beautiful and pleasant to me.
Despite some similarities with the later Industar-50, this lens has a different layout: firstly, the helicoid is multi-start, and when focusing, the front lens does not rotate, which is convenient; secondly, the diaphragm ring is somewhat more convenient and clumsy than in the I-50; thirdly, a limb with marking and thread for the filter (the thread is aligned with the diaphragm ring) form a small such blend for the front lens of the lens.

Attention is drawn to the leash of the focusing ring (typical of the oldest lenses, usually rangefinder) - it serves as a finger rest when focusing this small lens, because the focusing ring itself, although notched, is still narrow and uncomfortable.

The lens has a M39 * 1 mounting thread with a flange distance of 45,2 mm - when using a regular M42-EOS + M39-M42, there will be no infinity (M42 segment is 45,5 mm). Therefore, you should either use an adapter from the M39, taking into account the difference of 0,3 mm, or grind the M42-EOS by 0,3 mm, or slightly modify the lens, which I did.

For convenience (and possibility) of use, the lens was disassembled, the focuser was washed and re-oiled (over 60 years the grease simply hardened). To the screw that prevents the lens unit from rotating during focusing (visible from the side of the mounting thread, walks along the groove when focusing), another brother was reversibly planted on epoxy nearby, and the locking screw in the focuser was removed. Thanks to this, the lens acquired infinity without damaging the adapters and the lens itself (returning the stopper is easy, but the sawn-off millimeters of the rear are not) and, as a bonus, the MDF was reduced to about 40 cm (the second screw did not allow the lens unit with the helicoid to "fall out" from the groove) ...

Industar-22 (Industar-22)

Industar-22 (Industar-22)

Optical properties

Industar-22 is not a high-aperture lens - today the fifty-kopeck piece usually has F / 1.8, and this lens is more than twice as dark. On the other hand, this small lens is more than twice as light as the 18-55 kit lens with equal focal lengths.

Industar-22 is an old Tessar, which still has a hard time claiming the title of "eagle's eye" - the lens's sharpness of 3,5 is rather mediocre (the lens is soft, chromatite, and gives a powerful coma on the edge). At the same time, the lens has a pleasant pattern - neat transitions from the sharpness zone, slight twisting of bokeh, good colors. If Industar-22 was a little lighter, it would even be good for them to shoot portraits, and so the depth of field is thick, the background risks becoming a mess.

At 5,6, sharpness improves, but coma and chromatism still persist. Obviously, at the full frame, the angles will come back to normal, as it were not on F / 16.
The contrast of the lens is average, in contrast it is very sluggish. Still, a single-layer enlightenment makes itself felt ... Sometimes it is possible to catch the "solar rain" - a kind of cascade of rainbows in the frame. This can be a good thing.

Of course, you shouldn't expect any special quality from such an old lens; rather, one can expect such shortcomings, with which one can invent something "highly artistic";)
Nevertheless, I liked the picture that is obtained when photographing this Industar. Industar-50 looks much more boring.


Industar-22 for Zenit cameras is a lens that has a place in a museum because of its rarity. Industar-22, like the old Tessar, does not shine with excellent sharpness and aperture; it has many optical defects, which, however, form a very interesting picture. Therefore, if you nevertheless got such a lens - try to shoot with it first, what if it's too early for it to collect dust on the shelf?

Thank you for your attention, Eshmakov Rodion.

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Comments: 10, on the topic: Industar-22 1: 3,5 F = 5cm P (KMZ, 1954), a review from a reader of Radozhiva

  • Asp

    Interestingly a bit like a warm ̶l̶a̶m̶p̶o̶v̶y̶y̶ film color)

  • KalekseyG

    Another interesting review. And the view of the world is correct - in the winter it is necessary to find the plot with the eye. Rodion keep it up.

    • Rodion

      Thank you, we will!

  • Anatoly

    At that time, I remember, Industar was not recommended for portraits - it was considered too sharp ..

    • Rodion

      Yes, Indutara 50 and 61 are really too harsh. This one is inferior to them in terms of sharpness, especially the 61st. And so - there are plenty of soft industries: first of all, I-26M and I-29. Well, these old ones - Industar-10, Industar-22. The tenth is even more soapy, especially on the edge) Still very soft on the small-format BF I-51 and extremely soapy on the MF - I-37.

  • Denis_KRD

    "Optical properties
    Industar-22 is not a high-aperture lens - today it usually has (UT) F / 1.8 ... "

    • Rodion

      Yes, typos are available. I think the editors will fix it)

  • Ivan Wolverine

    The I-22 was the main one for "Sharp" ... lenses released before 1954 were made from real German glass obtained through reparations ... since 1955 the I-22 glass was already domestic ... I have a "Sharp" release in 1953 ... my father also took pictures of it ... and the photos were very good ... but the truth is my father was a photographer from God ...

    • Rodion

      There were several modifications of the I-22:
      Foldable Rangefinder - Often Vigilant
      Hard rangefinder (as in the review, but longer - the lens unit is pushed more out of the focuser) - rarely on vigilant
      SLR with leash - in review, very rarely at zeniths
      SLR without leash - looks like I-50 externally, very rarely at zeniths.

  • Rodion

    If anyone is interested, the lens from the review is for sale. Find me on lens-club or email me:

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