Review MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

This review presents the MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMAT lens with a rare Kiev-Avtomat mount. There are countless modifications of MIR-1 lenses, the general list can be found in the review of one of them - Mir-1V 2,8 / 37 (M42, Vologda).

MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMAT is a lens with a fixed focal length equal to 37 mm and a maximum relative aperture of 1: 2.8. Considered a massive Soviet wide-angle lens, modified / copied by Carl Zeiss Jena Flektogon 2.8 / 35. As far as I know, MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC was produced with two types of body frame. On another version of the lens, the focusing ring was made in the form of a 'nut' (see).

Bayonet mount 'Kiev-Avtomat' is used only by Soviet reflex cameras KIEV-10, KIEV-11 (prototype), KIEV-15 Tee and KIEV-15 TTL. It is usually customary to talk about two main models: KIEV-10 and KIEV-15.

The most complete list of lenses with the Kiev-Avtomat mount can be found in the review JUPITER-11 4/135 AUTOMATIC. There you will find interesting information on lenses of this type.

MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC MACHINE with bottom case cover and front protective cover

MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC is made of metal and glass. The focusing ring is also metal. This is the first 'AUTOMATIC' lens in my hands, which has no focus ring play.

During focusing, the front lens does not rotate, but the lens trunk extends. Focus ring rotates 270 degrees. Focus ring travel is smooth. Focusing is done by moving the entire lens unit. The minimum focusing distance is only 24 cm, which is very, very happy :). In this case, the maximum macro scale can be 1: 4,3.

The lens has a focusing distance scale and depth of field scale for F / 5.6, 8, 11, 16, 22. Like all AUTOMAT lenses, MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMAT does not have a diaphragm control ring.

The diaphragm can be adjusted using the so-called 'jump rope' - a special protrusion from the bayonet. When used on modern cameras, you have to remove the lens to set the desired value aperture, and even then, by eye. I used a lens on the camera Sony a7 with a homemade adapter. How to make an adapter shown in the review JUPITER-11 4/135 AUTOMATIC.

The diameter of the front light filter is standard, at 52 mm. The lens cap is metal, fits snugly to the frame of the case, but does not have latches, it is very easy to lose such a cap. The lens was sold in a plastic case typical of Soviet optics.

MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC mount

The diaphragm consists of 5 (five!) Blades :(. The blades of the diaphragm are made of shiny red-gold metal. On covered diaphragms it is very easy to get 'nuts'. Most likely, the lenses of the AUTOMAT series were economized on blades to facilitate the operation of automation.

They saved on lenses of the AUTOMAT series and on enlightenment. If you look at MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMAT, then the presence of coated optics may not be noticed. But still, if you look very closely, then the rear and front lenses cast a faint blue tint. Most likely due to poor enlightenment, around bright light sources in the frame, the lens draws rather big prominences, rings, rainbows and other otherworldly stuff. It is good that MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMAT practically does not give any yellow-green tint, which is inherent in many Soviet lenses.

MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTO while focusing on MDF

MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

Diaphragm petals from the MIR-1 bayonet mount 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

Aperture blades MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

Enlightenment of the lenses MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC SYSTEM in the ZK

MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

The relative dimensions of the lens MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

MIR-1V 2,8 / 37 and MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

MIR-1V 2,8 / 37 and MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

The MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC instance, which I visited in my review, did not give very good sharpness in the center of the frame at F / 2.8. At the edges and corners of the frame on F / 2.8, everything was even worse. If you cover the diaphragm, then the sharpness comes back to normal. My copy gave a noticeable subsidence in sharpness on the left side of the image, from here I can conclude that the quality of the optics or its assembly is not the best. Also, the lens suffers from vignetting, even on covered apertures (when used on a full-frame camera).

The worst thing is that the MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMAT gives an exorbitant amount of glare, does not work well in backlight and side light. I noticed that one of the highlights almost always appears in the frame. Also, most likely due to the fact that the aperture blades re-reflect light, the amount of glare increases, and their color coincides with the red-gold color of the aperture blades (example). Jokingly, I would call this lens by the name 'BlikoMIR One'.

Example photo on MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

Example photo on MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

Source files can download from this link (46 photos in the '.ARW' format, 755 Mb). On camera Sony a7 I used a lens with a makeshift adapter. Part of the photo was taken in APS-C cropping mode.

MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC and JUPITER-9 2/85 AUTOMATIC

MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC AND JUPITER-9 2/85 AUTOMATIC

Catalog modern brand lenses 'Zenitar' и 'Helios' can look at this link.


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My copy of MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC turned out to be very weak. Of the obvious advantages of the lens, I just want to highlight a good assembly, a small minimum focusing distance and a kind of lens 'pattern'.

Material prepared Arkady Shapoval... Look for me on Youtube | Facebook | Instagram | Twitter.

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Comments: 18, on the topic: Review of MIR-1 2.8 / 37 AUTOMATIC

  • Ashtray

    Thanks for the review!
    I liked the photographs, both of Kiev and nature. Unless, of course, not compare with anything.

  • Arkady Shapoval

    Counter arguments for large-pixel cropped D1x. In the APS-C mode on the Sony a7, it is also not visible that the edges of the lens "float".

  • Sergei

    World 1 The machine is really weak and sharpness comes only on covered (or well covered) apertures. The aberrations at 2.8 (in my specimen) are hardly unbelievable and the only thing is that this is not bad for a creative monocle (two in one and a monocle and a lens). It becomes sharp on the covers, though the edges of the frame (Kenon crop) are not the best (at least the Helios is noticeably inferior), I think it’s sadder on the full frame. Nevertheless, it can give an acceptable image, it is easier to focus due to flu. The glare (in my specimen) I think is not scary. On a covered diaphragm it gives a nice macro (flu also helps) Ordinary World 1 is not capable of this (example in the photo). And he really does not spoil the color. I used it converted to Kenon with infinity and iris control (you do not need to remove it from the camera, but had to redo it) until the canon went into another world. I don’t watch the sharpness subsidence on the left side of my own, and I doubt that this optics is so bad, maybe your adapter is a little inaccurate.

    • Arkady Shapoval

      The problem is not the adapter.

      • Sergei

        I agree that it’s not in the adapter. Although I was dealing with three World 1 Automatons and everyone gave the same picture. A marriage happens, although maybe someone once dismantled it, inaccurate assembly affects.

        • Roman

          Where can I find an adapter for this lens?

          • Arkady Shapoval

            Nobody produces adapters on lenses; you need to make them yourself.

  • Oleg

    It’s interesting, but at the top widths, everything is sharp at aperture 2.8 around the entire edge of the frame? In any case, when shooting a landscape, you have to close the hole. And for 8 pictures, it’s really nothing. And about the backlight, so this trouble is probably the whole of Soviet optics, my gelik in front of the window on the open one shows a spot, and the budget kenon copes

  • THE

    46 photos in '.ARW' format, 755 Mb

    • Arkady Shapoval

      'ARW' are RAW files used by Sony cameras.

  • Ilya

    I have a white world-1. There were black ones. White is different in the picture in my opinion for the better. Glare does not catch so frankly.

  • Amateur photographer_

    Brown pelusts with diaphragms are super! Radianska optics will do it by itself, and with such peels - the image will not be doused with a cell)))

  • Valera

    I do not advise you to unscrew the ring behind which the bearings are located - it will be very problematic to assemble them back, I fiddled for several days while I figured out how to assemble them back ...

    • Alexander

      so how to collect it, the same problem came out)

      • Valera

        I don't remember exactly, I think I smeared them (bearings) with something like PVA glue, and then washed them ... But I put everything in.

        • Alexander

          Thank you!

  • Sergei

    The review is semi-literate. “The lens adds rainbow rings and other otherworldly effects.” In fact, lenses add effects not on the other side, but on the side. If you don't like MIR-1, buy Karl Zeiss optics - there will be a black aperture without glare - but the prices are different. What you wanted from a cheap Soviet lens with outdated coating.

    • Arkady Shapoval

      it was written by me on purpose. If something about the lens is not correctly described, then specify. thanks

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English-version of this article https://radojuva.com/en/2015/04/mir-1-2-8-37/

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