Nikon D7100 review

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Nikon D7100 body review

Nikon D7100 body review

Nikon D7100 is a very interesting camera, it is a fresh breath of air among cameras Nikon DX Series. An absolutely new one with a standard lens came to me to review the Nikon D7100 Nikon 18-105mm 1: 3.5-5.6G ED Nikkor VR AF-S SWM DX IF Aspherical. This review provides information on the camera itself. Nikon D7100 body.

Nikon D7100 rear view

Nikon D7100 rear view

Matrix Nikon D7100

Nikon D7100 uses a 24.7MP sensor, only 24MP is effective, which allows you to take pictures of 6000 * 4000 pixels. Sometimes they indicate a size of 24.1MP, but these different numbers 24.7, 24.0, 24.1 do not matter, anyway, the picture is created using 24.000.000 pixels, so I will talk strictly about 24MP. Most likely, the Nikon D7100 uses the same matrix as the Nikon D5200 и D7200. A complete list of all used sensors (matrices) on the Nikon central control center can be viewed here. True, due to the different matrix body kit and different processing of the output signal, in the end we can get a different image. Now megapixels you won’t surprise anyone, and they are not always so useful, I advise you to look into my section Battle of Megapixels.

The main feature is not 24MP matrix, but lack of an optical low-pass filter in front of the matrix (OLPF - optical low-pass filter, LPF - low-pass filter). To put it very roughly, the absence of an OLPF filter will help to squeeze the maximum sharpness out of the lens and get the most of the details in the photo. I wonder why the camera was not named Nikon 'D7100E' like Nikon D800E.

The camera can use ISO-100 6400 and expand its value to ISO 25.600 (ISO HI2). There is no great benefit from ISO Hi1, HI2, it is also strange that the Nikon D7100 does not use ISO 50 (Lo 1) how to do it Nikon D600, D610, D800D800E, D4, D4s an extra ISO stop would not be superfluous. Nikon D7100 works very well with ISO auto control function and can independently select the desired shutter speed for each lens. In automatic mode excerpts for the Auto ISO function, 5 steps can be set for fine tuning, from a shorter automatic excerptsup to a longer automatic excerpts. You can also set the range of the automatic ISO, for example from ISO 800 to HI1.

Another hallmark of the Nikon D7100 is dotted white balance in live view. The function is very useful and you need to get used to it. In Live View, just select white balance PRE, hold down the WB button and wait for the yellow rectangle to appear, moving the rectangle, you need to set it to the point at which measurement will be performed white balance. To measure in this selected zone, you need to press the shutter button, while the camera will not take a picture, but only take a measurement BB.

This is how two cameras look - Nikon D7100, Nikon D5200

This is how two cameras look like - Nikon D7100, Nikon D5200 with similar matrices

Nikon D7100 Focus System

Nikon D7100 uses an updated focus module Advanced Multi cam 3500DX with 51 focus points, 15 of which are cross-shaped. Rumor has it the Nikon D7100 is small Nikon D4. Do not believe it. Although Nikon D4 and Nikon D7100 use 51 focus points, they have different focus modules. Nikon D7100 uses Advanced Multi cam 3500DX, While Nikon D4 - Advanced Multi cam 3500FX. The difference is that Nikon D4 can focus with F / 8.0 lenses using 11 points, and the Nikon D7100 using only one point. I have written in more detail about the focus modules here... Still, Nikon D7100 has a paper focusing module that looks better than Nikon D300, D300s, D3, D3s, D3xas it can work with dark F / 5.6-F / 8.0 lenses with a single center focus point. Roughly speaking, the D7100 should focus better in poor lighting conditions. In fact, I did not notice much difference.

It's very nice that the Nikon D7100 good viewfinder coverage with focus points, same as Nikon D300, D300s. And most importantly, when working in 1.3x mode, coverage with focus points becomes simply wonderful. Even Nikon D2xs cannot boast of such a high-quality coverage of the focus area in its High Speed ​​Crop mode. In fact, the quality of tracking moving objects in focus, the ability to compose a frame, etc., depend on the coverage area with focus points.

Nikon D7100 performs very well in dynamic focus area selection mode. In this case, 9, 21 or 51 focus points can be used. I advise you to play around with these modes. Another important method of autofocus is the 3D tracking function, which is very useful for shooting objects moving in the frame. 3D tracking works in tandem with the metering system exposurethat can recognize the type of scene being shot and improve the performance of the auto focus system.

Nikon D7100 has fine tuning of focus. You can also set the priority of the focus mode for AF-C, AF-S, in more detail about focus adjustment on Nikon cameras you can find here. Of course, the Nikon D7100 has a built-in focus motor that allows you to use a bunch of lenses AF type.

Optional Accessories for Nikon D7100

Optional Accessories for Nikon D7100

Crop mode 1.3x

The Nikon D7100 came up with one tricky mode of operation. You can shoot using the entire matrix area in the usual DX mode (24 x 16 mm), or you can choose the crop mode 1.3 x (18 x 12 mm). In 1.3x mode, the EGF of the lens is equal to the RF multiplied by 2. For example, if you install fifty dollars on the Nikon D7100 Nikon 50 mm f / 1.4G AF-S Nikkor, then the EGF will become equal to 100 mm. This is logical, because 1.5 x 1.3 = 1,95 (approximately 2). This mode can save a little money for those who like to shoot from afar. In mode 1.3, you can take pictures 4800 by 3200 pixels (15.3MP)That is enough even for serious post processing. Personally, I liked the mode because of the increase in the coverage area with focus points and the increase in shooting speed up to 7 fps. By the way, this mode also works when shooting video.

1.3x mode the inactive area does not darken in the viewfinderfor example in the camera Nikon D2xs in the high speed crop mode, the inactive area is darkened, this increases the usability of such a cropped mode. To start the 1.3x crop mode, just press the INFO button and select DX <-> 1.3x there.

Two brothers - Nikon D7100, Nikon D7000

Two brothers - Nikon D7100, Nikon D7000 with 18-105 VR lenses

Nikon D7100 Speed

The camera can shoot at a speed 6 frames per second, the predecessor had the same speed Nikon D7000. But there was an opportunity expand the shooting speed to 7 frames per second in 1.3x mode.

Attention: 7 frames per second in 1.3x mode is only available when shooting in JPEG or RAW 12 bit, only 14 fps is available in RAW 6 bit mode.

Attention 2: in normal DX mode, 6 frames per second is only available if RAW 14 bit mode is turned off. If you shoot with RAW 14 bit quality, then the maximum speed is only 5 frames per second.

In total, with the best image quality (RAW 14 bit, RAW 14 bit + JPEG), the shooting speed is lower than that of Nikon D7000 with the same settings. Where is the world heading?

In general, this speed will be enough for almost any situation. 7fps is pretty good, but still not 8fps like older models Nikon D300, D300s, D700.

Nikon D7100 with battery pack and 16-85VR lens

Nikon D7100 with battery pack and 16-85VR lens

Buffer

The buffer at the camera is small. With one memory card, if you turn off all additional functions that improve the quality of pictures, such as

  • Active D-lighting
  • Auth. distortion management
  • Under. noise for lengths. exposure.
  • Under. noise for high. ISO
  • Auto ISO

That in JPEG mode is placed in the buffer

  • 9 shots, JPEG L optimal quality
  • 12 shots, JPEG L size priority
  • 12 shots, JPEG L optimal quality in 1.3X mode
  • 15 shots, JPEG L size priority in 1.3X mode
  • about 4-5 JPEG pictures L Optimal quality with all additional functions switched on at maximum at ISO HI2

RAW:

  • 6 shots, 14-bit, lossless compression
  • 7 shots, 14-bit, conventional compression
  • 7 shots, 12-bit, lossless compression
  • 8 shots, 12-bit, conventional compression
  • 7 shots, 14-bit, lossless compression, 1.3x mode
  • 8 shots, 14-bit, normal compression, 1.3x mode
  • 8 shots, 12-bit, lossless compression, 1.3x mode
  • 10 shots, 12-bit, normal compression, 1.3x mode
  • 5 shots, 14-bit, lossless compression, DX RAW + JPEG L quality priority
  • about 3-4 snapshots, 14-bit, lossless compression when all additional functions on ISO HI2 are turned on to the maximum

It turns out that the maximum buffer can hold in RAW format only 10 shots, and with the best shooting quality '14 -bit, lossless compression '- the buffer contains total 6 shots. Due to the fact that the pictures are very heavy, the camera after 6 pictures in RAW (NEF) format will not take the next frame until it writes at least one picture to the memory card from the buffer. With my ADATA SDHC 32GB class 10 card, the camera pauses for a long time while shooting. I checked if using two memory cards, this does not save the situation with the camera stopping during serial shooting. In order to maximally prolong burst shooting, you should use the fastest memory cards, or shoot in JPEG.

RAW files with 14-bit color depth, lossless compression in DX mode weighs up to 40MB. Unlike professional cameras, such as Nikon D300s - Nikon D7100 cannot use uncompressed RAW format. For huge, heavy files on the camera, you can find two nests for cards of type SD, SDHC, SDXC UHS-I... You can set up work with cards for:

  1. Overflow. When the first card is filled, recording is made on the second.
  2. Reservation - the same picture is recorded on both cards. Very useful for capturing very important events, where you need to ensure that the data is not lost in any way.
  3. Record RAW on one card, and JPEG files on another. Just a convenient feature.

Nikon D7100 shows off its super performancewhich he gets through the EXPEED 3 image processing system. Roughly speaking, EXPEED 3 is the processor that does all the calculations in the camera. But in fact, this EXPEED 3 cannot squeeze out 6-7 fps at 14-bit color depth. If EXPEED 3 is as good as they write, then I could have worked hard and removed this limitation without spoiling the overall good camera performance.

It's strange for me that Nikon cannot normally solve the speed problem with 14-bit color depth, this problem is still very acute in models Nikon D300 и D300s, forcing them to work at a snail speed of 2.5 frames per second. And then she migrated to Nikon D5300, D5500 и D7200.

Nikon D7100 side view. Different connectors.

Nikon D7100 with 18-105 VR side view. Plugs for different connectors on the camera.

Shooting, metering system, turn-on speed

Can be shot at shutter speeds from 30 seconds to 1 / 8000 withit’s good that the Nikon D7100 has no stripped down excerpts in 1/4000 s, which is set to Nikon D600. The camera shutter must work at least 150,000 cycles  - pretty good for an amateur camera. Also, Nikon D7100 uses independent control of the mirror and apertureThis allows a very small shutter lag. The lag is only 0,052 s... Unlike many cameras, the Nikon D7100 may not lower the mirror to capture the frame in Live View - it will simply release the shutter. In other cameras, for example Nikon D90, D700 responsible for controlling the mirror and aperture general mechanism, which operates in a standard cycle and the Live View should always lower the mirror, only after which shooting can be performed.

Measurement exposure based on 2016-pixel RGB sensorsame as cameras D600, D7000, D5200. In more detail about measurement exposure can read here. The camera can easily work with non-chip lenses, for example, with old AI-S lenses or with Soviet lenses. You can configure the soft key to quickly select a lens from the list.

With one battery charge, the camera can easily squeeze over 1000 shots. The number of photos that can be obtained on a single battery charge depends on many factors. By the way, the EN-EL15 battery itself is exactly the same as that of Nikon D800, D800E, D600, D610, D7000.

The D7000 had a display lid :)

У D7000 there was a cover for the display :)

Video

In normal mode, you can shoot with a maximum quality of 1920 x 1080; 30p, 25p, 24p or 1280 x 720; 60p, 50p format H.264 / MPEG-4 AVC. It is important that in 1.3x mode you can shoot video with quality 1920 x 1080 60i, 50i... You can choose high or normal video quality. It's also nice that the Nikon D7100 has a built-in stereo microphone. In AF-F focus mode, continuous focus tracking is available when shooting video, tracking focus works just awful, When recomposing an AF-F frame, it often does not respond at all. Recording video on a DSLR camera with auto focus is a very unpleasant task for me, it’s better to use manual focus when shooting a video.

To shoot video, you must set the Live View lever to 'camcorder' mode. Recording is done using the red button next to the shutter button. It is possible to record video via HDMI to an external device without video compression, and work via HDMI with a large TV while Live view is on. There was no HDMI cable in the package, I really wanted to, but could not test this function to the level of its convenience.

In the manual control mode of the camera 'M', shooting video with manual control is available excerpts and ISO. Exposure can be set from 1 \ 30 to 1 \ 8000 seconds. When shooting a video, you can immediately change the ISO value. It is convenient to shoot video in manual mode and the Auto ISO function is on. In P, A, S modes, you can shoot video and make corrections exposure for video using the '+ \ -' button on + -3 ev In other scene modes, correction exposure not available.

Attention: while recording a video do not change aperture value, which will be filmed, therefore, you need to set the aperture value before turning on Live View.

Display, housing

Nikon D7100 has a new display with 1.229.000 points and measuring 3.2 inches (8cm). The number of dots on the display of the Nikon D7100 is even higher than that of the Nikon D4 / D4s, D800 / D800E, D600 / D610. It is also very important that the display itself is made on the basis of an RGBW matrix. Prior to this, the display matrix was manufactured using conventional RGB pixel technology (red green blue - red, green, blue). The new technology allows for better display of information in bright light.

New matrix on the display Nikon D7100

New matrix on the display Nikon D7100

The display of the Nikon D7100 turned out really шикарный. But the display does not have a protective cover, such as Nikon D90, D700, D7000.

That's not all, the new Nikon D7100 uses information display in the optical viewfinder. Now bottom info bar glows white, not green, new organic EL technology has improved the perception of information in bright shooting conditions and reduced the 'brakes' of such a display in cold weather.

Indicators of a new type based on EL are shown in yellow

Indicators of a new type based on EL are shown in yellow

The case at the camera is half done magnesium alloy. The case has special rubber seals. The most important thing Nikon D7100 has weather and dust protection, it is alleged that camera security is no worse than D800, D300s. The camera is pleasant to the touch, well assembled. The front and rear control dials are rubberized. The camera has a comfortable grip. In severe conditions, I did not test the camera :), but for complete dust and moisture protection, appropriate lenses are needed. I don’t know where to look at the list of dustproof or waterproof Nikon lenses.

Yellow seals for weather and dust protection

Housing Nikon D7100. Yellow seals for weather and dust protection

Weighs a 765g camera with a battery.

Sample Photos

All photos were shot on a Nikon D7100 and lens Nikon 85mm f / 1.8D AF Nikkor. Photos without processing, on-camera JPEG Fine L, VI, only reduced to 3 MP and data imprinted EXIF. Here is the original ISO 6400 image (VI, matrix metering).

Useful Features and Functions

  1. active D-lighting, automatic control of chromatic aberration and distortion. True, these functions reduce the number of frames in the series, although the official website says that EXPEED 3 copes with this.
  2. Optional monochrome display for quick camera use. The display has a green backlight, the backlight is turned on using the camera's power button.
  3. HDR with different levels, you can set Moderate, Normal, Amplified, Super Amplified and Auto level. The camera takes two pictures in a row and combines them into one.
  4. For lovers of photo processing and shooting with various interesting filters in the Nikon D7100 installed a whole bunch of them. There are even two effects for shooting video.
  5. For easy camera setup without extra efforts, there are special automatic modes, such a set: Portrait, Landscape, Child, Sport, Macro, Night portrait, Night landscape, Party, Indoors, Beach, Snow, Sunset, Twilight (almost a saga :)) , Dawn, Pet Portrait, Candlelight, Flower, Autumn Colors, Products. I am often asked if a level camera is suitable for a beginner Nikon D7000, D7100 - I answer that it will do, now you understand that it will be easier for a beginner to shoot with such a huge set of automatic modes.
  6. Ability to use the booster MB-D15. Can connect the Nikon D7100 from the network using an EH-5b AC adapter with an EP-5B connector.
  7. I like very much shooting mode locks on the control wheel. Some write that this interferes with quick access to different shooting modes, but in fact this is a very useful function. Very often you can accidentally knock off the shooting mode, for example from 'A' to 'M', which can lead to a bunch of defective photos. I really missed such a blocker on my Nikon D90.
  8. Outputs for an external microphone, USB, HDMI, 3.5 output for headphones. Another connector for controlling the camera.
  9. Flash Nikon D7100 can remotely control other external flash units. You can read more in the section Nikon CLS. Nikon D7100 also supports fast synchronization with external flash units, in more detail here. Minimum sync with the built-in flash is 1/320 s.
  10. The camera can work remotely using the WR-1 module or the WR-R10 + WR-T10 kit, which use radio control. WR-1 allows you to remotely control almost all the functions of the camera. I did not use this device, but it should be something interesting. Also, the Nikon D7100 can use the WU-1a adapter to transfer files and control the camera using devices based on iOS, Android. And you can also use the UT-1 module to transfer data from the camera using WLAN (wi-fi). And finally, you can use the GP-1 / GP-1A to record GPS data for each shot. In short, they made a lot of new trinkets for the camera, now the main thing is to deal with them all.
  11. The virtual horizon in Live View and in the optical viewfinder. True, you need to try to turn on the virtual horizon in JVI.
  12. Interval Timer Shooting multiple exposure.
  13. Of course, the camera has a matrix cleaning system.
  14. Nikon D7100 has 3 programmable buttons, only the functions that can be hung on them are not very useful in operation.
  15. In RGB view mode bar charts You can view the histogram for any selected image fragment.
  16. You can set the center button in image review mode to quickly enlarge the image. This is a very, very useful feature. I advise you to turn it on. This is done using the f1 setting -> View mode -> Zoom on / off. -> desired magnification. The same can be done for fast Live View zoom. In shooting mode, I advise you to set the button to 'Select center. focus points. ' (the third trick is in this article).
  17. Bracketing exposure, white balance и ADL.
  18. The camera uses a pentaprism with special enlightenment in the optical viewfinder. Coverage of the field of view is 100%.
  19. Quiet shooting mode 'Q'. And modes for U1, U2 for convenient customization of the camera.
  20. The easiest method to remotely control the shutter is to use the remote ML-L3. The camera has two remote control infrared signal receivers, front and rear.
Camera control wheel and new I button

Camera wheel and new 'I' button

Nikon D7100 Personal Impressions

The camera is great, but still I expecting an heir Nikon D300s with its full magnesium body, 8 fps, and a bunch of fine useful little things, as a result received a very good upgrade Nikon D7000. Because Nikon D7100 is still namely an amateur camera. It is very strange that the Nikon D300s are not debited, but they also do not replace it. Users Nikon D300, D300s are forced to either go full frame or go down to level D7100. The same situation is with Canon, where the advanced 7D can not be replaced with a new APS-C camera. Apparently, a serious plot is being prepared against photographers who want to use the highest quality APS-C cameras.

Nikon D7100 - an amateur camera, indirectly, this confirms the location of the camera on official sites

Nikon D7100 is an amateur camera, this indirectly confirms the location of the camera on the official sites

The division into classes is not only a convention, but also a huge number of subtleties, about which it is sometimes very difficult to write, but which with experience become very useful and felt in practice. Therefore, be extremely careful which camera to buy.

In general, the situation with the choice of a good advanced Nikon camera has become more acute. Of the new advanced Nikon cameras, I personally see a dilemma - either Nikon D600 / D610 with its full frame and 39 focus points in the center, or the Nikon D7100 with a cropped matrix, but with an excellent focus system and a bunch of small buns. Personally, I believe that the D7100turned out very pretty, with fewer claims than Nikon D600. And if earlier the issue of switching from D300 / D300s on the Nikon D7000 was controversial, now the D7100 should not disappoint owners D300 / D300s (though disappointing though).

UPD: many do not like the color in Nikon D7100 pictures, especially skinton (skin color in portraits). There is a specificity with color.

To whom there is little information, I advise you to look at the reviews (part in English):

  1. Classic review from DPreview
  2. Wikipedia no surprise
  3. The camera scored 83 points on DXO
  4. Here comparison on snapsort.com with the D7000 и comparison with D7000 on dxo
  5. Key features on the official website nikon.ru
  6. Noise test here и here
  7. Official Nikon video camera presentation
  8. Немного about D7100 from Kai Wong
  9. Lovers of boxes - froknowsphoto
  10. Photo examples at low ISO from the official site
  11. Yet one reviewer
  12. И Ken rockwell did not pass Nikon D7100
It looks like a Nikon D7100 with a Nikon 18-105mm 1: 3.5-5.6G ED Nikkor VR AF-S SWM DX IF Aspherical kit

It looks like a Nikon D7100 with a standard (whale lens) Nikon 18-105mm 1: 3.5-5.6G ED Nikkor VR AF-S SWM DX IF Aspherical from the delivery

Prices for modern Nikon cameras in popular stores can look at this link.

Comments on this post do not require registration. Anyone can leave a comment. For the selection of a variety of photographic equipment, I recommend E-Catalog, Socket, M.videoand ebay и AliExpress.

Conclusions:

Nikon D7100 - best advanced amateur DX camera for 2013 (at the time when I write a review about it). Nikon D7100 in 1.3x mode has best viewfinder coverage with focus points, does not have a low pass filter and can accelerate to 7 frames per second. Here's what's new in the Nikon D7100:

  1. New 3.2-inch display with 1.229.000 dots of the new RGBW type
  2. Spot metering white balance in real time via live view
  3. New WR-1 radio remote control, new MB-D15 battery pack
  4. New UT-1 Wireless Fast Data Device
  5. The new Advanced Multi-CAM 3500DX focus sensor is the first Nikon DX camera to focus with 'dark' lenses up to and including F / 8.0.
  6. New mechanism for separate mirror and aperture control
  7. The new 1.3X framing mode, which also works in video mode (before that, among DX cameras, something similar was only in Nikon D2x, D2xs)
  8. New i-button control (in addition to the Info button)
  9. The first DX camera without a low pass filter
  10. New organic EL display for the optical viewfinder (instead of Transmissive LCD)

In general, it turned out to be a good camera. If there is money, then as an advanced amateur Nikon DX camera recommend Namely Nikon D7100, perhaps in the choice will help here is such an article.

Material prepared Arkady Shapoval... Look for me on Youtube | Facebook | VK | Instagram | Twitter | 500px.

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Comments: 958, on the topic: Review of Nikon D7100

  • Sergei

    There are d3300- d7100 bought d600.
    There is a difference. In terms of weight and dimensions, 7100 and 600ka are practically the same. The controls are practically the same. But crop and ff differ not only in noise, but also in the contrast of the picture. D600 makes masterpieces by itself. Press the button and that's it.)
    If we compare the resulting photos, then 7100 then 3300 then d600. The 7100 doesn't like the sandiness of the image. And it is not clear how it gets out. This is not necessary at high iso, maybe at 200 and 400. I compare a line of cameras that were released almost at the same time and are very attractive now on the used market.
    And again returning to the noise. The noise on the 7100 at iso 1600 is more unpleasant than on the d600 at 3200.
    But the small and light d3300 with the sharp AF-P 18-55 is great for travel. I liked the D7100 very much with 55-300 at the airshow. By the way, at d600 this lens practically does not make vignettes at 55 and 200-300. d600 is fine with 50mm 1.8d.
    Now is the golden time for buying used cameras with little or no run. Not a pro, a smartphone is enough, and the pros are switching to mirrorless cameras. Sorry for dumping everything, but it might come in handy.

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