Optical design for all Nikon Nikkor DX lenses

This is a very subjective article about the quality of lenses based on their optical design.

Optical design for all Nikon DX lenses

Optical design for all Nikon DX lenses

It is logical to assume that the more special elements are included in the design of the lens, the more expensive, and therefore better. Therefore, here you can see the optical circuits of all cropped Nikon DX lenses and draw useful conclusions. Personally, I discovered a lot of useful information on choosing a lens among the Nikon DX line. Conclusions at the bottom. If you do not know what DX is, then you can look in the section DX and FX lenses. You can also see optical circuits autofocus fixed lenses Nikon FX.

It's funny, but on the official Nikon sites you can find for some lenses (even expensive lenses) an optical circuit in the figure of 179 * 160 pixels. It seems that Nikon does not want to look closely at the circuit. I brought all the images of the optical circuits to the Radozhiva standard 720 pixels on the long side, while enlarging the image, the quality was badly damaged. Note that no Nikon DX lens has Super-ED elements.

  • ASP - aspherical elements. On lenses, indicated by the letters'Aspherical'. Designed to combat aberrations. They fight well with distortion and coma.
  • Hybrid Aspherical Elements - is ASP made of special plastic (plastic), which is built up on optical glass to get ASP.
  • Extra-low Dispersion glass. Marked on lenses with 'ED'. Iimproves sharpness, combats aberrations and improves contrast. It is in more detail painted on Nikon official website, therefore, I do not go into details.
  • Nanocrystalline Coating Optics. On the lens is indicated by the letter 'N', which means' Nano Crystal Coat'. This enlightenment allows you to cope well with glare and flare, and also creates excellent color reproduction.
  • High Refractive Index Elements... On lenses are designated by the letters'HRI'(high refractive index), have a high refractive index and improve image quality.

Fix lenses Nikkor DX

Nikon DX AF-S Micro Nikkor 40mm 1: 2.8G SWM

9 elements in 7 groups. One of two close-up macro lenses. This lens does not no special optical element. Even the whale lens has either ED or aspherical elements :). Nikon did not make any special investments in the optical circuit, but simply released a macro lens for the general consumer. On a crop, this 40 mm gives an EGF of 60 mm, which is a very popular focal length for macro. Nikon DX AF-S Micro Nikkor 40mm 1: 2.8G SWM review.

Nikon 10-24mm f / 3.5-4.5G ED AF-S DX Nikkor Optical Circuit

Nikon 10-24mm f / 3.5-4.5G ED AF-S DX Nikkor Optical Circuit

Nikon DX AF-S Micro Nikkor 85mm 1: 3.5G ED VR SWM IF Micro1: 1

14 elements in 10 groups, one of which is ED glass. One of two macro lenses for crop. Small aperture not a problem, because the lens has an image stabilizer. One of many fixed lenses with VR system. Lens of low optical complexity. Perhaps the optical circuit compensates for the small number of ED elements. Nikon DX AF-S Micro Nikkor 85mm 1: 3.5G ED VR SWM IF Micro1: 1 review.

Optical design Nikon 85mm f / 3.5G ED VR AF-S DX Micro-Nikkor

Optical design Nikon 85mm f / 3.5G ED VR AF-S DX Micro-Nikkor

Nikon DX AF-S Nikkor 35mm 1: 1.8G SWM Aspherical

8 elements in 6 groups with one aspherical hybrid element. On the official Russian-language site Nikon did not bother to lay out the optical scheme of the lens. The hybrid element is glass mixed with plastic... It's funny, but the official English-language website says something else: with one aspherical lens (with one aspherical lens, not a hybrid one). I used the lens - it is sharp, suffers from slight distortion and blooming. Lens of low optical performance. it the only fast lens for Nikon DX. You can view Nikon 35mm f / 1.8G AF-S DX Nikkor review.

Optical design Nikon 35mm f / 1.8G AF-S DX Nikkor

Optical design Nikon 35mm f / 1.8G AF-S DX Nikkor

Nikon DX AF Fisheye Nikkor 10.5mm 1: 2.8G ED

10 elements in 7 groups. One ED element. It only native fisheye fix for crop. Also this Nikon DX professional lens. With just one ED element. The lens is of medium quality. Review Nikon DX AF Fisheye Nikkor 10.5mm 1: 2.8G ED

Optical design Nikon 10.5mm f / 2.8G ED AF DX Fisheye-Nikkor

Optical design Nikon 10.5mm f / 2.8G ED AF DX Fisheye-Nikkor

Zoom Nikkor DX Lenses

Nikon DX AF-P Nikkor 70-300 mm 1: 4.5-6.3G ED

14 elements in 10 groups.  1 x ED Glass

Optical design AF-P DX NIKKOR 70-300mm f / 4.5-6.3G ED

Optical design AF-P DX NIKKOR 70-300mm f / 4.5-6.3G ED

Nikon DX AF-P Nikkor 70-300 mm 1: 4.5-6.3G ED VR

14 elements in 10 groups.  1 element of glass ED. Identical to previous version.

Optical design AF-P DX NIKKOR 70-300mm f / 4.5-6.3G ED VR

Optical design AF-P DX NIKKOR 70-300mm f / 4.5-6.3G ED VR

Nikon DX AF-S NIKKOR 55-300mm 1: 4.5-5.6G ED VR SWM HRI

17 elements in 11 groups. This handsome man has 2 elements from glass ED and one element HRI. A middle-class lens with good inclinations. Review Nikon DX AF-S NIKKOR 55-300mm 1: 4.5-5.6G ED VR SWM HRI

Optical design Nikon 55-300mm f / 4.5-5.6G ED VR AF-S DX NIKKOR

Optical design Nikon 55-300mm f / 4.5-5.6G ED VR AF-S DX NIKKOR

Nikon DX AF-S Nikkor 55-200mm 1: 4-5.6G ED VR IF SWM

15 elements in 11 groups (one glass ED element) Lens of poor workmanship. Note that in optical performance it loses a lot Nikon 55-300mm f / 4.5-5.6G ED VR AF-S DX NIKKOR... I used the lens - tolerable image quality, interesting only for its price. Nikon Help Hotline Center says that this lens cannot be used at 55mm and 200mm at any aperture value to achieve sharp images. This lens is often sold with a whale 18-55mm. You can view review Nikon 55-200mm f / 4-5.6 AF-S VR DX Zoom-Nikkor

Optical design Nikon 55-200mm f / 4-5.6 AF-S VR DX Zoom-Nikkor

Optical design Nikon 55-200mm f / 4-5.6 AF-S VR DX Zoom-Nikkor

Nikon DX AF-S Nikkor 55-200mm 1: 4-5.6G ED VR II

13 elements in 9 groups with one ED element. The lens is of medium quality. The model was released at the beginning of 2015, became a replacement for Nikon 55-200mm f / 4-5.6 AF-S VR DX Nikkor

Optical design AF-S DX NIKKOR 55-200mm f / 4-5.6G ED VR II

Optical design AF-S DX NIKKOR 55-200mm f / 4-5.6G ED VR II

Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor ED 55-200mm 1: 4-5.6G SWM

13 elements in 9 groups with two ED elements. The lens is of medium quality. One more ED element than Nikon 55-200mm f / 4-5.6 AF-S VR DX Nikkorbut without stabilizer. The most affordable telephoto for crop... Not suitable for more or less heavy load with a large yield of good frames. You can view Review Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor ED 55-200mm 1: 4-5.6G SWM.

Optical design Nikon 55-200mm f / 4-5.6G ED AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor

Optical design Nikon 55-200mm f / 4-5.6G ED AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor

Nikon DX AF-S Nikkor 18-200mm 1: 3.5-5.6GII ED SWM VR IF Aspherical

16 elements in 12 groups (2 ED glass elements and 3 aspherical elements) High quality lens. For a long time, this wagon was the best universal lens for DX cameras. The very high zoom ratio, image stabilizer and excellent optical performance make this lens really attractive as one single lens on a cropped camera. Nikon 18-200mm f / 3.5-5.6GII DX AF-S Nikkor IF-ED VR Review

Optical design of the Nikon 18-200mm f / 3.5-5.6G ED VR II AF-S DX Nikkor

Optical design of the Nikon 18-200mm f / 3.5-5.6G ED VR II AF-S DX Nikkor

Nikon DX AF-S Nikkor 18-200mm 1: 3.5-5.6G ED SWM VR IF Aspherical

16 elements in 12 groups: 2 ED and 3 aspherical elements. Earlier version Nikon 18-200mm f / 3.5-5.6G ED VR II AF-S DX Nikkor. High quality lens. Nikon DX AF-S Nikkor 18-200mm 1: 3,5-5,6G ED SWM VR IF Aspherical review

Optical design Nikon 18-200mm f / 3.5-5.6G IF-ED AF-S DX VR Zoom-Nikkor

Optical design Nikon 18-200mm f / 3.5-5.6G IF-ED AF-S DX VR Zoom-Nikkor

Nikon 18-300mm f / 3.5-5.6G ED VR AF-S Nikkor

19 elements in 14 groups: in particular, 3 aspherical lenses and 3 ED glass elements. Just a lot of lenses. Lens very high optical performance. It became a worthy replacement for the 18-200mm VR II. I did not use a lens. Most likely one of the best universal lenses for Nikon DX cameras. Very heavy, with stabilizer. You can buy this one lens for all occasions.

Optical design Nikon 18-300mm f / 3.5-5.6G ED VR AF-S Nikkor

Optical design Nikon 18-300mm f / 3.5-5.6G ED VR AF-S Nikkor

Nikon 18-300mm f / 3.5-6.3G ED VR AF-S Nikkor

16 elements in groups: in particular, 3 aspherical lenses and 3 ED glass elements. Just a lot of lenses. Lens high optical performance. One lens for all occasions.

Optical design AF-S DX NIKKOR 18-300mm f / 3.5-6.3G ED VR

Optical design AF-S DX NIKKOR 18-300mm f / 3.5-6.3G ED VR

Nikon 10-24mm f / 3.5-4.5G ED AF-S DX Nikkor

14 elements in 9 groups - 2 ED glass elements and 3 aspherical lenses. Lens of high optical performance. Not cheap. Best Native Wide Angle Lens for Nikon DX Cameras. I did not use a lens. Loses aperture earlier version. Note the huge ED lens at the tail of the lens.

Optical design Nikon 10-24mm f / 3.5-4.5G ED AF-S DX Nikkor

Optical design Nikon 10-24mm f / 3.5-4.5G ED AF-S DX Nikkor

Nikon DX AF-S Nikkor 18-135m 1: 3.5-5.6G ED SWM IF Aspherical

15 elements in 13 groups. 1 ED and 2 Aspherical Elements. Medium lens. It does not have a stabilizer. Versions 18-200mm VR, 18-200mm VR II, 18-300mm VR significantly surpass this old instance. Used lens, quite sharp, nice wagon. You can view Review Nikon 18-135mm f / 3.5-5.6G IF-ED AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor

Optical design Nikon 18-135mm f / 3.5-5.6G IF-ED AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor

Optical design Nikon 18-135mm f / 3.5-5.6G IF-ED AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor

Nikon DX VR AF-S Nikkor 18-140mm 1: 3.5-5.6G ED SWM IF Aspherical

17 elements in 12 groups, including 1 aspherical and 1 ED element. This is an updated version of the Nikon 18-135mm f / 3.5-5.6G IF-ED AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor. They added an image stabilizer and removed one aspherical element. So far, there is little information on the lens. Nikon DX VR AF-S Nikkor 18-140mm 1: 3.5-5.6G ED SWM IF Aspherical review

Optical design AF-S DX NIKKOR 18-140mm f / 3.5-5.6G ED VR Nikon

Optical design AF-S DX NIKKOR 18-140mm f / 3.5-5.6G ED VR Nikon

Nikon 18-105mm 1: 3.5-5.6G ED Nikkor VR AF-S SWM DX IF Aspherical

15 elements in 11 groups: with one ED glass element and one aspherical element. The lens is slightly below average optical performance. Used a lens. Universal enough, the stabilizer works well. This lens is the second most popular whale lens, as it often comes with Nikon DX cameras. The 105mm capabilities far exceed the 18-55mm whale lenses. 18-135mm seemed sharper to me. The 18-105mm VR optical design is very similar to the 18-135mm optical design. Most likely, 18-105mm VR is an upgrade of 18-135mm with a shortening of the focal length and the addition of a stabilizer. You can view Nikon 18-105mm f / 3.5-5.6G ED VR AF-S DX Nikkor review

Optical design Nikon 18-105mm f / 3.5-5.6G ED VR AF-S DX Nikkor

Optical design Nikon 18-105mm f / 3.5-5.6G ED VR AF-S DX Nikkor

Nikon AF-S Nikkor 18-70mm 1: 3.5-4.5G ED DX SWM IF Aspherical

15 elements in 13 groups, including 1 aspherical and 3 ED elements. Middle class lens. Good, solid dark zoom. It was very popular at the time of the emergence of the Nikon DX APS-C format. I did not use a lens. Has a pleasant aperture at 70mm focal length f / 4.5. Surpasses whale lenses 18-55mm. The optical design is very similar to 18-135mm, 18-105mm, but with a shorter focal length. Nikon AF-S Nikkor 18-70mm 1: 3.5-4.5G ED DX SWM IF Aspherical review.

Optical design of the Nikon 18-70mm f / 3.5-4.5G IF-ED AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor

Optical design of the Nikon 18-70mm f / 3.5-4.5G IF-ED AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor

Nikon AF-S Nikkor 17-55mm 1: 2.8G ED IF SWM DX

14 elements in 10 groups. Of them 3 ED and 3 Aspherical Elements. Lens very high optical performance. It Nikon DX professional lens. I recommend as a full-time universal fast lens for Nikon DX cropped cameras. The only fast zoom Nikon DX format. It's funny, but the analogs of Canon, Tamron, Sigma have long ago acquired an image stabilizer, and this lens without a stabilizer. There are no other native alternatives for 2012. Nikon AF-S Nikkor 17-55mm 1: 2.8G ED IF SWM DX review.

Optical design Nikon 17-55mm f / 2.8G IF-ED AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor

Optical design Nikon 17-55mm f / 2.8G IF-ED AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor

Nikon N AF-S Nikkor 16-80mm 1: 2.8-4E ED VR DX

17 elements in 13 groups. it professional lens from the Nikon DX line. As many as 3 aspherical and 4 ED elements. One element has nanocrystalline enlightenment. The lens of a complex optical circuit.

Optical design Nikon N AF-S Nikkor 16-80mm 1: 2.8-4E ED VR DX

Optical design Nikon N AF-S Nikkor 16-80mm 1: 2.8-4E ED VR DX

Nikon DX AF-S Nikkor 16-85mm 1: 3.5-5.6G ED VR SWM IF Aspherical

17 elements in 11 groups: 2 elements from glass ED, 3 aspherical lenses. Lens of high optical performance. Second place after 17-55mm F2.8 in image quality and optical performance among native Nikon DX lenses and similar focal lengths. Not used, but recommend. The optical design is already very different from 18-105mm, 18-135mm, 18-70mm. Nikon DX AF-S Nikkor 16-85mm 1: 3.5-5.6G ED VR SWM IF Aspherical review.

Optical design Nikon 16-85mm f / 3.5-5.6G ED AF-S DX VR Nikkor

Optical design Nikon 16-85mm f / 3.5-5.6G ED AF-S DX VR Nikkor

Nikon 12-24mm f / 4.0G IF-ED AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor

11 elements in 7 groups. 2 ED and 3 aspherical elements. it Nikon DX professional lens. A lens of high optical performance, the same as 10-24mm. I did not use a lens. Creating a good super wide angle is very difficult. This lens loses in front of 10-24mm with just two millimeters of focal length, which are already felt quite seriously at a wide angle. But this lens has constant aperture F / 4.0. One of two Nikon DX zoom lenses aperture.

Optical design Nikon 12-24mm f / 4.0G IF-ED AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor

Optical design Nikon 12-24mm f / 4.0G IF-ED AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor

Nikon DX AF-S Nikkor 18-55mm 1: 3.5-5.6G ED SWM Aspherical

7 elements in 5 groups including 1 ED and 1 aspherical element. This is an ordinary kit lens. The workmanship is slightly below average. Nikon has 4 modifications of this lens. This is the earliest. Without stabilizer. I used the lens. Quite sharp at closed apertures. Otherwise - poor image quality. Nikon DX AF-S Nikkor 18-55mm 1: 3.5-5.6G ED SWM Aspherical Review.

Optical design Nikon 18-55mm f / 3.5-5.6G ED AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor

Optical design Nikon 18-55mm f / 3.5-5.6G ED AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor

Nikon DX AF-S Nikkor 18-55mm 1: 3.5-5.6GII ED SWM Aspherical

7 elements in 5 groups: 1 ED glass element, 1 aspherical element. The lens is slightly below average performance. Optically the same as the first version. Whale lenses are released the most, because, most likely, Nikon updated its whale lens to version ED II... I used the lens. Quite sharp at closed apertures. Otherwise - poor image quality. The second version of the lens is 5 grams lighter. I do not see any serious differences. You can view Review Nikon 18-55mm f / 3.5-5.6G ED II AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor

Optical design Nikon 18-55mm f / 3.5-5.6G ED II AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor

Optical design Nikon 18-55mm f / 3.5-5.6G ED II AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor

Nikon 18-55mm 1: 3.5-5.6G VR AF-S DX Nikkor

11 elements in 8 groups with one composite aspherical lens... A lens of low optical performance is the whole verdict for a whale lens. Of course, the elements have almost doubled compared to the previous version, but all ED elements have been removed. I used the lens, it seemed to me less sharp for ED, ED II versions. It is now the most commonly used lens for Nikon DX. This version contains image stabilizerthat helps a lot. Nikon 18-55mm 1: 3.5-5.6G VR AF-S DX Nikkor SWM Aspherical Review.

Optical design Nikon 18-55mm f / 3.5-5.6G ED VR AF-S DX Nikkor

Optical design Nikon 18-55mm f / 3.5-5.6G ED VR AF-S DX Nikkor

Nikon 18-55mm 1: 3.5-5.6GII VR II AF-S DX Nikkor

11 elements in 8 groups with one aspherical lens. Lens of low optical performance. Updated model of the previous version of G VR. Nikon 18-55mm 1: 3.5-5.6GII VR II AF-S DX Nikkor Review.

Optical design Nikon 18-55mm f / 3.5-5.6GII ED VR AF-S DX Nikkor

Optical design Nikon 18-55mm f / 3.5-5.6GII ED VR AF-S DX Nikkor

Nikon DX AF-P Nikkor 18-55mm 1: 3.5-5.6G

12 elements in 9 groups with two aspherical lenses. Lens of low optical performance.

Optical design Nikon DX AF-P Nikkor 18-55mm 1: 3.5-5.6G

Optical design Nikon DX AF-P Nikkor 18-55mm 1: 3.5-5.6G

Nikon DX VR AF-P Nikkor 18-55mm 1: 3.5-5.6G

12 elements in 9 groups with two aspherical lenses. Lens of low optical performance.

Optical design Nikon DX VR AF-P Nikkor 18-55mm 1: 3.5-5.6G

Optical design Nikon DX VR AF-P Nikkor 18-55mm 1: 3.5-5.6G

Total: got everything 26 Nikon DX Lenses. If you missed something, please remind me in the comments.

There is practically nothing to choose from, therefore, the choice is very simple.

  • professional fast multi-purpose zoom just one: 17-55mm F2.8.
  • best dark universal zoom: 16-80mm
  • wide-angle with constant aperture just one: 12-24mm f / 4.0.
  • widest lens: 10-24mm
  • only one fish: 10.5mm F2.8, while it does not have a focus motor
  • best telephoto optic: 55-300mm VR.
  • best station wagon: 18-300 / 3.5-5.6 VR
  • fast fix only one: 35mm F1.8G
  • best macro lens in optical design: 85mm f / 3.5

The range of lenses for the NIKON DX sprinkled camera cameras is very small. If you remove the lens modifications, you have to choose from a very small number of lenses. Unfortunately not yet portrait lens for NIKON DX.

Conclusions:

The article briefly analyzes the performance of NIKON DX lenses. according to their optical design.

Like it. Thanks for attention. Arkady Shapoval.

Add a comment:

 

 

Comments: 65, on the topic: Optical circuits of Nikon Nikkor DX lenses and comments on them.

  • Igor

    Not bad, but I would argue about the 105th. Especially in sharpness. Whoever has a Zenith school is not afraid. I have 18-105 + Jupiter 21m. Instead of a zoom leg. but the D200 has enough buzz. Best regards to the authors ...

  • Sergey

    Hello. With a feeling of sincere respect for high-category professionals, I ask for your opinion about my choice
    photo camera and lenses for photography without claims, but decent enough quality under various everyday conditions
    shooting:

    SONY A77 body, SAL-1650F / 2,8, SAL-55300.

    I do not list other necessary accessories ‚but I know and remember them. Thanks in advance and apologize for asking the question
    somewhat different topic. Thanks.

  • Alexander

    Here is such a moment on the Nikon 55-200mm f / 4-5.6G ED AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor lens

    I have the following in use directly:
    Nikon 55-200mm f / 4-5.6G ED AF-S (!!! VR !!!) DX
    I understand that in my case, the lens is not only with two ED lenses but also with an image stabilizer.
    In your review, this lens is missing, or am I mistaken in something?

    • Arkady Shapoval

      There are two lenses of class 55-200, VR and without VR. I have a review on the VR version.

      • Anastasia

        Hello! I am looking to get a Nikon D7000 Body plus a Nikon 18-200mm f / 3.5-5.6GII ED VR AF-S DX Nikkor lens. Can you suggest a good choice? Or does this “body” need a different lens?

  • Oleg

    Tell me, please, how do you think the combination of D80 and 18-300? Thanks.

  • Victoria

    Good afternoon. Arkady, please help the "teapot". For the first time in the hands of a DSLR camera Nikon D80 + Sigma 70-300mm 1: 4-5.6D. What lens do you need to buy so that you can learn to photograph both indoors and a portrait like “here I am, a beauty”?

  • Novel

    Hello, where is the “fifty kopeck piece” for the crop with 1,8G? Or maybe I misunderstand something? Thanks.

    • BB

      And this is not, like.

      • Novel

        Here I am also confused)))

        • yarkiy

          Roman, read articles about crop and lenses on this site and don’t fool your head with questions that make it hard to cry or laugh. Start using Radozhiva for its intended purpose, for self-education, and then many questions will disappear from you by themselves.

    • Denis

      Sonya and Pentax have them

  • Fedor

    Arkady, do not you know, for the sake of optical stabilization, an additional lens is introduced in the lenses, or is some kind of lens used in any case in the optical system “suspended”?

    • Michael

      Optical schemes of sigma and tamron with and without stabilizer are different. This can be seen by the number of lenses - there is often not an additional lens suspended, but an additional one appears. lens group. Canon does the same with their 70-200 / 4, but it's hard to say: is the appearance of a stub an upgrade or a new lens?

  • uhuru

    Good afternoon.
    Nikon N AF-S Nikkor 16-80mm 1: 2.8-4E ED VR DX contains 4 ED elements, not 3, as in the text.

  • Uhuru

    New Nikon AFR-P DX 10-20 mm f / 4.5-5.6G VR

  • Oksana

    Arkady,

    Tell me, please tell me your opinions on the choice between Nikon 70-300mm F4.5-6.3G AF-P DX VR Nikkor and Nikon 55-300mm f / 4.5-5.6G ED VR AF-S DX NIKKOR for a cropped camera?

    I can not decide, I choose between a bunch of Nikon 70-300mm F4.5-6.3G + Nikon ED AF Nikkor 80-200mm 1: 2.8D (MKII), or Nikon ED AF Nikkor 80-200mm 1: 2.8D (MKIII)

    I would be grateful for the answer!

    • Arkady Shapoval

      Definitely recommend 70-300 AF-P + 80-200 / 2.8 MKIII

    • Igor

      And if you have 80-200, why do you need 70-300? Something I do not understand the logic)

  • Alexander

    The lens 18-70 in the review says that Pts used a lot and for a long time and in this article that did not use

    • Arkady Shapoval

      Articles have different publication dates. Time passes, everything changes.

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