While this entry is being updated, here are a few of my galleries on cameras with a CCD sensor:

  1. Nikon D100 + Nikkor 50 / 1.8
  2. Nikon D70 + Nikkor 50 / 1.8
  3. Nikon D50 + Nikkor 28-105 / 3.5-5.6
  4. Nikon D40 + Zeiss Makro-Planar 50/2
  5. Nikon D70 + Sigma 35-80 / 4-5.6
  6. Nikon D40 + Yongnuo 100/2
  7. Nikon D40 Team Gallery
  8. Nostalgia for old 6 MP CCD sensors

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Comments: 163, on the topic: ccd vs cmos

  • Oleg

    Someone can give examples from a tripod from the same angle, under the same conditions, the difference between CMOS VS CCD, for example, examples: landscape, sky, vegetation, water, etc. And then, many say CCD cool and all that, but there are no examples. Show!

    • Lynx

      just look at this site for examples of reviews of cameras with ssd, smc and super-ssd matrix.

  • Alexander

    I see that people do not understand the difference between CCD and CMOS sensors, and why did the CMOS sensor not immediately find its place in professional cameras with large sensors?

    Although CCD is called analog, the design difference between CCD and CMOS sensors is small. CMOS uses the same photodiodes as CCD, the only difference is in the built-in signal amplifier, which is located on each pixel in the CMOS sensor. This need arose more because high-resolution video could be shot on digital SLRs. Also, the repeated collection of information from each pixel during the exposure gives more data for subsequent processing by the processor of the color gamut. In a CCD sensor, information is recorded slowly, because all the pixels in the matrix are used to shift the accumulated charges, which are passed through a single signal amplifier. That is, the charges from the bottom row of the CCD matrix are moved to the buffer, and then in turn pass through one signal amplifier, like a machine gun belt through one machine gun. The charges of the next row are moved to the vacant place of the lower row, and so the whole matrix is ​​"shot".

    In the CMOS sensor, there is no charge shift from row to row, but the signal amplifier stands at every pixel. The amplified signal is immediately taken from several rows simultaneously into several buffers, and then this information passes through several analyzers and is digitized. And so many times during the exposure. Therefore, after a long exposure, the buffer memory is full, and the processor needs more time to process the information.

    As a person who works in microelectronic technologies, I can assure you that due to the limited ability of the machines and the heterogeneity of the silicon substrate itself from its center to the edge, the values ​​of complementary transistors (CMOS) are heterogeneous. Therefore, the larger the sensor, the greater the heterogeneity in its elements. Now imagine that in the matrix the gain is not the same in every pixel. What is it? - noise in the picture. While on the CCD sensor, all charges were amplified through the same amplifier channel. As a result, the CCD sensor produces less noise than the CMOS.

  • Kiev-Vyshgorod

    Photos from your Sigma SD-15 - complete gaffno ...! In direct (color rendering, DD) and in terms of composition ...! What did you try to prove that you have a cool camera ...? Although this article is more than 5 years old, the topic remains relevant ...

    • Pokekmon

      Just a man made several mistakes at once:
      1) There was no need to drop links to VKontakte. This social network disfigures and strongly compresses the pictures.
      2) A person is not very able to work with this camera.
      3) The photos are really strange.
      PS> From the Foveon matrices you can draw a lot, with a certain skill.
      The trouble is that the SD14 / SD15 is very outdated.
      More or less at the moment - SD1, SDQuattro, SD Quattro H (APS-H crop like Canon's units).

    • Pokekmon

      This is with SD1M.

      • Kiev-Vyshgorod

        Quite DIFFERENT "business"!
        Simple - GORGEOUS !!!!!
        Looks like a person has more ambitions than experience and knowledge….
        You can even make a masterpiece with a "soap box" - CCD matrices allow you to do this.
        The whole “trick” is that “programs for dummies” in “soap boxes” VERY dramatically change the color rendition and other parameters of the picture - with each specific model it is NECESSARY to carry out a series of experimental shootings in order to “understand” your camera! And when you know ALL the possibilities, you can work miracles ...
        I am sure that any old device can make excellent shots, you just need to KNOW and BE ABLE ...

      • zengarden

        It is not known how much processing there is; but the photo is gorgeous, yes.

        • Pokekmon

          Thank you!
          There was no processing on all three photos.
          Just shot in RAW and processed in Sigma Photo Pro.
          No tinting or filters.
          These are chamber colors.
          Camera-SD1 Merrill, 35mm / 1.4Art glass for SA mount.

          • Kiev-Vyshgorod

            It is interesting how MUCH such a device costs today and is there any sense for taking SUCH money for it ?! Is there really no alternative BETTER ??? !!!!

    • Pokekmon

      Example 2 on SD1M

    • Pokekmon

      Example 3 on SD1M

  • Yaroslav

    Something is wrong

  • Murzik

    A few words about CCD))
    There is such a utility with a lot of peresets, "Calor Efex PRO 4" called)) I will make you there visualization "as if CCD", and grain Fuji Superia and Kodak Elite Chrome 200))))

    • Denis

      it will be sour cream instead of sour cream

    • Alexey Shch

      When will the people stop confusing the characteristic film pattern and primitive digital noise ...
      And this Kal_Oru Effex of the "PRO" type is up to a real imitation of a drawing (not noise) - like walking to the Moon. But the people did not find the real film and will never bother with it, so they take any pathetic imitation.

  • Igor

    And that’s all, this time the article came out very short. But I just don’t want to stretch it just for volume, but I showed everything that I wanted in the article.

    • KalekseyG

      ))))) something broke!

  • FED2

    Arkady, and this article will appear soon?

  • anonym

    Here is some kind of "funeral" color gives CMOS, I personally like CCD photos, although of course there is high-speed performance and all that. I deliberately avoided technical details and tried to evaluate the impression.

  • Paul

    It is at Kenon that he is mourning with dull funeral shades .. And at Sonya he is bright and colorful, as if painted with cheap Chinese felt-tip pens. Photographers from the city park like to sell such pictures to moms. The only thing missing is the flowers and horses added in Photoshop around the edges. ChMOS is multifaceted ...

    • 1D $ _mk3

      Is he like Canon ?!
      And what about Nikon then? Eklmn ...

  • Paul

    No. To be honest, here everyone has their own cockroaches in their heads. Who cares about this difference in color rendering between sensors, who does not, and who does not see it at all. But those who used to sit tightly on a film slide see clearly. Regarding Nikon: I knew one fan of this office, I went through all the lines. It seems that he liked everything, he collected it for a full frame. Then he disappeared somewhere unexpectedly. But then he showed up. Recently I saw it with the 717th ancient Sonya, you know, such a silvery, 2/3 ssd matrix with five megapixels ... happy, smiling. He says he finally found what he needs. So it goes….

    • Valery A.

      -And what, father, there are brides in the city? - To whom and the mare's bride.

  • @ f_e_d_2

    There is no difference! If we shoot in the daytime, not on high ISO. And about some more interesting colors - these are all fairy tales! Everything is the same, they just forgot everything, in order to remove information from the RAV file, you need some camera profile settings, programs that are often different, and, for some reason, when switching to CMOS, the output image was made “colder”. Who likes it? I like the warmth, for example. But with only one adjustment of the white balance (I work in Lightroom), EVERYTHING IS EASILY REDUCED TO AN ABSOLUTELY THE SAME PICTURE !, moreover, to “the same” details both in highlights and in shadows. For example, I took shots from D5200 and D200 (a great difference in time and technology), and even the detail, despite its difference in megapixels, turned out to be almost the same on the 24-120 lens.
    Now about the difference: The higher the ISO, the more noisy the CCD, and at high ISO, and long exposure, the more hot pixels on the CCD. But this is all despite the fact that CCD technologies have ceased to be developed, due to their high cost, high power consumption, etc. (by the way, the D200 lasts much longer than the D5200, despite the age of its own battery)
    The main conclusion I made: All modern digital cameras, starting with Fuji S2Pro - are

    • @ f_e_d_2

      An excellent tool for obtaining high-quality photos! The only important thing is in what hands this tool is :)

      • anonym

        It is understandable, lightroom is able to spoil a photo - to equate good with bad.

    • BB

      At D200, the battery capacity is almost twice as large, and even there they use cylindrical cells (against flat EN-EL14), the cylinder has a higher current output.
      I can say about the same thing about the D5100-D7100: two EN-EL14 batteries last for about the same number of frames as one EN-EL15.
      The display eats a lot, and LiveView is so damn good - about ten times fewer frames come out.

      • anonym

        "The display eats a lot, and LiveView is so damn good - about ten times fewer frames come out."
        well, just a binomial of Newton, what revelations you just don't know! it turns out that the display is on, consumes a lot ... did not know, did not know .. who would have thought! )))

    • anonym

      you have little understanding of what you are talking about or you have problems with the monitor and / or vision.
      or all at once.
      no RAV will add halftones to you if their matrix does not display! not add at all! ))))
      no developer and post-processing will add color to you if the sensor coverage is less in this area than the color space.
      no developer and post-processing will correct the color curve if the matrix has a color shift in this area)))
      This is the alphabet of digital photo.
      Although a lot of people watch it all on uncalibrated monitors or smarts, so you can shoot on anything if you like. )))

      • anonym

        Give a definition of halftone?

      • Onotole

        You have little understanding of what you are talking about, or you have problems with the development of graphic editors, or all at once.
        And the lack of halftones and color gamut and color shift and a bunch of other exotic things that not every amateur photographer will encounter at least once in his life, perfectly works in any sane photo editor.
        By and large, it is impossible to fix only the uncaped lens cap.
        This is the alphabet of digital photo.
        Although a lot of people watch all this on monitors that they consider to be calibrated, and assure that only the CCD contains a special magic, in short - you can shoot with anything, if only you like it. )))

        • anonym

          @ And the lack of halftones and color gamut and color shift and a bunch of other exotic things that not every amateur photographer will encounter at least once in his life, perfectly works in any sane photo editor.
          By and large, it is impossible to fix only the uncaped lens cap.
          This is the ABC of digital photography. @ ””
          rave. from the word at all.
          how can I explain it to you, well, quite simply ... if you do not want to understand what color gamut, color accuracy and other "exotic" is, then this does not mean at all that you do not have these problems in your pictures)))
          ANY CAMERA works in the color space, well, absolutely any! ))) and you may not know at all! ))) and it will work! oh, as it happens)))
          You do not know and do not understand, but it works)))
          and any camera has its own coverage and color accuracy, well, absolutely any)).
          and you come across this well EVERY PICTURE.
          and again, if you persistently correct in “any sane photo editor” the missing halftones, shift color and other delights of the matrix curve and the curved color profile, then this simply means that you do not distinguish the color well and do not understand what you are doing))))

          • Onotole

            The fact that you do not know how and do not want to be able to work with photo editors does not mean at all that no one can. Give me an example of a shot with what you call “missing halftones”, and then something like that — only with “present”.
            And then we'll talk.

            • anonym

              Onotole, yes do what you want)))
              they don’t pay me to spend my time on you and teach you the basics of not even color, but how the digital camera works.
              your epic nonsense that “color coverage” is “exotic”, with “which not every amateur photographer will encounter at least once in his life” I repost to the people here, the evening was a success! ))) but how do you COLOR that the matrix did not remove you will edit in BB - this is a song! )))
              the question is not that you don’t understand how a number works and what color is in a number, the question is that you are not trying to just figure it out, but insist on your ignorance.
              I look forward to yelling "give an example and prove that the earth is not on three whales and is generally not a fact that it is round"))))

              • Onotole

                The drain is counted.
                I asked for an example, not a proof.

                And, of course, by "color gamut" I meant "obvious insufficiency / inconsistency of the camera's color gamut with the sRGB standard". I'm sorry, I should have been more accurate in expressing my thoughts, otherwise someone might suddenly have an evening.

        • sgkost

          By God, do not disgrace, read the literature. And then based on your statements, you can compose jokes.

          • sgkost

            This is me to Onotol and Fed2.

      • Novel

        Ahahaha. So I take a picture, open it in the Lab, turn the channels over and it turns red green to green or vice versa. Or I carry out other manipulations, increasing-decreasing the saturation / brightness / tone of individual shades, apply 3DLut transforms and change the picture as I want.

        What is transmission accuracy? Every monitor you have, even a calibrated one, will display the same picture in different ways - just change the viewing conditions. More precisely, you will perceive it differently. Everything affects - the temperature and position of the light source in the room, the size of the diagonal, even your condition and mood. The only criterion for a visual image is whether you like it or not. Everything.

        • Pokemon

          "What is transmission accuracy?"
          For me, this is the accuracy of the shades of yellow, red and blue, and white, as well as a skinton like I remembered it when photographing under certain lighting conditions. I have good visual memory, so when processing raw, I always pay attention to how the camera understood what I want from it.

          • Novel

            A person does not remember a picture; memorizing pictures will devour all available memory. A person remembers visual sensations. To recreate the feeling of a sunset, you either need to be placed in the same conditions in which you watched the sunset or twisted the colors, because it's one thing when the sunset is in front of you in a 180-degree panorama, and it's another - it's on the monitor screen or even more so on the phone.

            Well, the most idiotic lesson, of course, is to compare cameras by the way they conduct internal color correction of the footage. There is continuous taste and averaging.

            Skinton lovers require a separate cauldron in hell, because the perception of a human face live and a human face in the image differs - the brain is generally very sensitive to everything that it interprets as a face. This is not counting the fact that the color of a person's face changes depending on both the condition of the person (pale, red, hot, bad, tanned, sick, burnt), and on the lighting conditions. And the liberties of color correction generally kill the skinton theory completely. Look at Daenerys in Game of Thrones, if only in the last season when she is filmed with one correction outside of Winterfell in winter weather where she is pale, inside Vienterfell by candlelight and on Dragonstone, where is teal orange and almost red. And she is EVERYWHERE Daenerys and she has everything awesome with a skin tone at every location. Because it is important not to measure the ephemeral accuracy of color rendering, but to be appropriate, authentic and artistic. Do you shoot portraits of people or a piece of human skin?

            • Pokemon

              I remember very well how the shade of color looked on the back of the car.
              For example, Bayside Blue at Skyline R34. What he looked like when shooting and HOW it should look in the photo. Just like when shooting.
              I repeat - I have good visual memory and a well-tuned monitor.
              The fact that the monitor may be slightly mistakenly configured - I admit (although it is not my first year and not the first year I have double-checked the correctness of the color rendition), but I check the material not only on the monitor, but also on other devices.
              It is important for me that the colors are the same as I remember it when shooting. Or perhaps slightly saturated in warm hues. The main thing is that the greens do not come out. I would generally add a preset to the cameras of individual manufacturers - to tone down the saturation of the green.
              I do not watch TV shows, sorry no time.

              • Pokemon

                It's difficult to agree with skinton - there are skin defects, banal lack of sleep - all this is visible. Here you already need to think.

  • anonym

    some muddy holivar.
    what are you guys arguing about? about animals or iron?
    Coloring thing is accurate, easy to measure.
    there are color spaces, there is color accuracy, saturation, etc.
    There are tools for measuring and obtaining results. there are monitors with calibration, etc. etc.
    for today the best matrices in terms of color gamut and color accuracy are CMOS - whether CCD fanboys like it or not)))
    What else to discuss? moans that before the grass was greener, sausage 2.20 of paper, etc.? Or what exactly does anyone like? So this is pointless, everyone has his own vision and according to statistics 70% of the population has problems with distinguishing colors and midtones in particular.))))
    For some reason, this is the topic CMOS VS CCD excites primarily Nikonists. Guys, understand, this is not a CMOS problem for Nikon cameras, this is a Nikon problem that can’t set the CMOS in its cameras to a sane color! )))
    Therefore, the logic - old Nikon CCDs are good in color - new Nikon on CMOS are bad - it means bad CMOS - alas, it does not work))))
    Try cameras with normal color profiling and you will be happy with CMOS)))

    • Pokemon

      I read an interview with one of Nikon's engineers on one of the English-language resources.
      And there was the following about color: expensive top-end cameras from the Pro segment Nikon seeks to adjust to real or less saturated than real colors. The cameras of the amateur segment are vice versa towards more saturated ones. Now we are talking about camera jpg and colors in RAW with the “BB AUTO” preset.
      And this can really be seen on the same imaging resource by carefully looking at the color graphics. On PRO cameras, colors are more precisely tuned than on amateur ones.
      Now I'm wondering how Canon adjusts its color profile for what reasons ...
      For example, on the first or second dime or units. Okay, let's not ...
      I'm not a fan of any of the brands, but it's just an interesting story - we shoot in 14-bit RAW, and then we turn this case into 8-bit jpg and upload these pictures somewhere. Where people watch them in a compressed form with compression of the spoiling color (as in VKontakte or Instagram). It is especially funny when you later find out on what technique this photo was taken. So that's what I mean - we shoot for ourselves and for people. And if this is a hobby, and not earnings, then the main thing is not what was filmed, but how it was filmed and that both themselves and people like these pictures.
      And then another dilemma arises - maybe one thing is pleasant to yourself, but the main colors are brighter, more colorful and still look at these pictures from phones or laptops on TN matrices.

      • BB

        I agree with you, but here it constantly pops up 'they look at TN monitors and smartphones ...'
        So, most modern smartphones (4-5 years old and newer), costing from $ 100-150, have just IPS matrices with quite sane colors, and significantly surpass those of inexpensive laptops (for some reason, all, or almost all laptops up to $ 1000 equipped with TN-matrices, although IPS is not much more expensive ...) and cheap monitors. TN matrices, of course, are very sad in terms of color and midtones (and there is no excuse for those 'photographers' who talk about color without having at least an inexpensive IPS monitor)

      • anonym

        Not certainly in that way. in terms of color, all profiles on kmos at nikon were very sad, on nikon ru and other forums there were always holivars which developer to choose to pull out at least some color.
        a breakthrough was the d850, which was doped in color for the profiles of kenon, and now this camera is rightfully considered the best among Nikons.
        under the canon, they finished on Sony a7mk3, the new nine Panas and almost all the Olympuses.
        One of the most popular inquiries on Western forums of sonnews is where to get a profile for a dormouse to get the color of Kenon.
        Why does it all converge to the color profile of Kenon? It is most accurate and commercially successful, pleasing to the eye.
        Like fanboys of other brands or not, alas, this is just a fact.
        As for the bit depth, everything is very simple - here is a 4K video, it downsizes to 1080p and is comparable to what was originally 1080p - the difference is very noticeable. So I hope it's clear?
        Well, of course, no BB or lightroom, in principle, can not return the color of which is not present or correct the exposure by channels (remember what a matrix is ​​and how many colors there are on filters ...).

  • @ f_e_d_2

    Where is the article?

  • Ivan Nikolaevich

    it's time to write about the MOS matrix

  • From

    Is the article still updating?)

  • Sergos

    I think that the pictures presented by the Pokémon are just warm and it is always perceived more positively than cold ones.

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