Overview of the lens Jupiter-37A.

Legend of the last century, the national lens - Jupiter 37A 3,5 / 135. He is called a small telephoto or a large portraiture, which is true. Jupiter 37-A takes first place in my vote on the best Soviet portrait lens in the range of 85-135mm.

Jupiter 37A Lens Overview

Jupiter 37A Lens Overview

Jupiter-37A has interchangeable shank, which is marked on the lens with the letter "A". Replaceable shank allows you to change the "rear" part of the lens, which attaches it to the camera mount. Regarding the replaceable shank, it is necessary to erect a monument to domestic manufacturers for this ingenious move. With the help of an interchangeable shank, this lens can also be attached to cameras under the M42 thread or "H" mount.

Changing the size of the lens Jupiter-37A 3.5 135 when focusing from infinity to MDF

Changing the size of the lens Jupiter-37A 3.5 135 when focusing from infinity to MDF

How to use with modern cameras?

'A' lenses with an interchangeable shank, such as the one in this review, are very easy to use on almost any modern digital camera (both DSLR and mirrorless), just select correct adapter. Soviet interchangeable shank 'A' is similar to 'T2 Mount'. The cheapest adapters can be found aliexpress.com

For use on modern digital SLR cameras Canon EOS need adapter T2-Canon EOS, you can buy such an adapter (interchangeable shank) here. Such an adapter can still be replaced with a set of shank KP-A42 + M42-Canon EOS.

An adapter is required for use on Nikon SLR cameras T2-Nikon F, buy such an adapter (interchangeable shank, analogue KP-A / N) it is possible here.

How to use this lens with cameras of other systems (Pentax, Sony, Fujifilm, Olympus, Panasonic, Samsung, Sigma etc.) - ask in the comments and you will be prompted. If you have any questions on compatibility and adapters - ask in the comments (comments do not require any registration at all).

Jupiter-37A on the ZK

Jupiter-37A on the ZK

In times of mass use, version with MS was twice as expensive as usual, which actually affects the quality of work. Nevertheless, a lens without an MC feels great with the hood installed. The lens hood can be worn backwards, the hood has special grooves that allow it to be screwed in the opposite state into the thread for the light filter. I know of only one Soviet lens that allows you to put on the hood backwards - and that is Jupiter-37A.

Enlightenment of the lens Jupiter-37A 3.5 135

Enlightenment of the lens Jupiter-37A 3.5 135

Most likely, Jupiter 37A became a copy Carl Zeiss Jena DDR MC Sonnar 3,5 / 135 (Sonnara / Zonnara). Both lenses are pretty good, but narrowly focused experts say that the Sonnars are nevertheless better assembled and give a slightly sharper image.

Enlightenment of the rear lens of the Jupiter-37A 3.5 135 lens and the view of the aperture blades

Enlightenment of the rear lens of the Jupiter-37A 3.5 135 lens and the view of the aperture blades

Positive aspects and their brief description:
1. Cheap. Of course, in our time it can be obtained at a fairly low price. This is due to its mass production. This allows novice photographer to get a great picture for low cost.

Interchangeable shank and lens Jupiter-37A

Interchangeable shank and lens Jupiter-37A

2. Normal enlightenment. But even such enlightenment avoids unnecessary glare, Zaitsev. Removes fear of back and side light. But nevertheless, Jupiter-37A is a little afraid of flare and gives a light veil in the generated image.

Hood on Jupiter-37A dressed back to front and in normal position

Hood on Jupiter-37A dressed back to front and in normal position

3. The lens came with a wonderful case with the emblem of the 80s Olympiad. The lens hood and lens hood are conveniently placed in the case. You can see how the lens cases look here и here.

The difference in the enlightenment of the MS and non-MS version of the lens Jupiter-37A 3.5 135

Difference in enlightenment MS and not the MC version of the lens Jupiter-37A 3.5 135

4. Lens hood in delivery. The metal hood is quite long. It sits very well on the lens. But here is one minus of the lens hood that it is metal, it adds extra weight and when screwing the metal into the metal, the lens hood wedges and then it takes a lot of effort to unscrew it back. So I do not advise tightening it up much.

5. With interchangeable shank. I wrote about this at the beginning of the article. Allows you to use photo systems with different working lengths.

6. As many as 12 aperture blades. Therefore, it can act as an excellent portrait lens with smooth circles to blur the background (it has good bokeh).

7. Non-fixed stroke of the iris ring. Let me explain - the ring does not have fixed aperture values ​​of type 4.5, 5.6, 8, but has a continuous stroke ring. This is very useful when shooting video, when you can smoothly close and open the aperture (and not jerkily at fixed values)

8. The large stroke of the diaphragm F3.5-F22. Pretty maneuverable lens. Jupiter-37A has a function of preset diaphragm... To use this function, you need to strangle the aperture ring towards the camera and release it at the desired aperture value. After that, the diaphragm will close only to the specified value. This is quite convenient when working with manual optics - to focus on a fully open aperture, quickly close to the desired value and shoot.

9. Metal case... As they say - give the people bread and circuses, and here - give glass and metal.

10. It works in minus 15 to plus 45 ° C, it is nice to read about it in the instructions before going on a winter photo walk.

Features and their brief descriptions:

  • The weight. Over 400 grams, makes you feel all the "power" of the telephoto. But still heavy.
  • The location of the diaphragm ring itself is rather inconvenient.
  • Close focusing from 1.2 meters, you can forget about macro. The focus ring rotates 270 degrees.
  • The thread of the filter is 52 mm, which is a fairly popular diameter.
  • The lens has 4 lenses in 3 groups

On the fully open F3.5 aperture, you get slightly soft excellent portraits, but if you close it, then the sharpness is enough with the head for almost all tasks. What does my copy without MS, 1980.

From personal experience using:

I shoot on Jupiter-37A, even when there is very little time to set the sharpness. The picture is excellent. I really like its contrast, although sometimes it seems dull, in the editor it can be made simply incredible. At aperture of 3.5, you can shoot portraits without fear for the soapiness of the glass. Impressions are pretty positive. Here's another interesting comparison of Jupiter-37A and Kaleinar-5N. Jupiter was slightly better.

But if you need to shoot at least slightly moving scenes, then I would prefer any autofocus telephoto, even if it is a zoom and even if it is very dark (does not have enough aperture) and even if from the manufacturer’s know-how, for example, similar to very cheap Quantaray 70-300mm 1: 4-5.6 D LDO MACRO.

Sample photos on crop (APS-C, Nikon DX)

All photos in the gallery below were shot on the APS-C Nikon DX, crop 1.5x. No processing. Reduced size to 2MP, imprinted data from EXIF.

Sample photos on crop (Canon APS-C)

All photos in the gallery below are shot on APS-C Canon 350D, crop 1.6x. No processing. Reduced size to 2MP, imprinted data from EXIF.

Full-frame sample photos (FF, Nikon FX)

All photos in the gallery below are shot on APS Nikon D700 FX Without processing, in JPEG L, VI mode, the size is reduced to 3MP, data from EXIF.

All photos in the gallery below, too, were shot on APS Nikon D700 FX Without processing, in JPEG L, VI mode, the size is reduced to 3 MP, data from EXIF.


Photographer shared examples of photos on Jupiter 37A 3,5 / 135 with readers of Radozhiva Lilia Nemykina:


Examples of photos on Jupiter 37A 3,5 / 135 (This one) and the camera Pentax K10D a photographer shared with readers of Radozhiva Yuri Leo.


More sample photos on Canon 600D and Jupiter 37A 3,5 / 135 for Radozhiva kindly provided Alexander Frolov.

There are several modifications of JUPITER-37, produced at different times:

  1. MS Jupiter-37AM 3,5 / 135, 1990-2002 (the prefix 'MC' comes before the lens name, this lens is shown in this review)
  2. Jupiter-37A 3,5 / 135 MS, 1983-1986
  3. MC Jupiter-37A 3,5 / 135, 1986-1989 (prefix 'MC' is placed before the lens name)
  4. Jupiter-37A MS-N-30 3.5 / 135, 1983-1984, very rare
  5. Jupiter-37A 3,5 / 135, since 1978 (shown in this review)
  6. Юпитер-37AМ 3,5/135, 1990-2002

Catalog modern brand lenses 'Zenitar' и 'Helios' can look at this link.

In the comments, you can ask a question on the topic and they will answer you, as well as you can express your opinion or describe your experience. For the selection of photographic equipment, I recommend large catalogs, for example E-Catalog. Many little things for the photo can be found on AliExpress.


Jupiter 37A 3,5 / 135 - good lens. The lens has a pleasant background blur and excellent sharpness starting at its widest aperture. Jupiter-37A is one of the best Soviet portrait lensesIt is easy to install on modern DSLR cameras with an interchangeable shank system.

Material prepared Arkady Shapoval... Look for me on Youtube | Facebook | VK | Instagram | Twitter.

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Comments: 1 123, on the topic: Review of the Jupiter 37A lens. Lens Jupiter 37 A.

  • Jury

    It seems to me that I already want to have it in my arsenal.

    • Alex

      Why not? They are quite inexpensive, even if they don't come in, you can easily sell them for the same money.

  • Konstantin

    Good day. Question about the "original, factory" KP-A / N adapter. Can you please tell me why there is a groove on the inner surface of the ring, where the Nikon-F shank petals are located? Is it a thread? or just knurling? Judging by the measurements, the step is 0,5 mm. The inner diameter at the tops of the groove is 40 mm.

    • Jury

      this is not a thread, you do not need to screw anything there :)

      • Konstantin

        I was not going to screw anything in there :-)
        I make Drawings for this adapter, take measurements from the "original factory" one, and this cutting interested me. Do you need to transfer it to the drawing or not? If this is not a thread, then why was it done at the factory then? They just don't do anything like that.

        • Victor

          I will assume that this “thread” is designed to minimize parasitic reflections from the inner surface of the adapter :-)

          • Alex

            That's right, this cut was made precisely to combat multiple reflections. It's the same in Chinese metal hoods, and in some lenses with a recessed front lens (Industar-61ls, for example).

          • Konstantin

            Got it, thanks for the answer. So we will repeat it in the drawing. The thread pitch, I think, is not very principled. Very small, with a thread gauge like 0.5 mm coincides.

  • R'RёS,R ° F "RёR№

    "Close focusing from 1.2 meters, you can forget about macro."
    Shot with this lens on cameras Samsung NX1000, NX3000, Sony Alpha NEX-C3, Sony A5100. Everywhere MDF 98cm. Considering the good sharpness of the lens, you can crop, it turns out well. Here are a couple of photos without the macro rings, taken with a Sony A5100 camera. The first is the original with the selected crop, the second is the crop. The third is the original, with the selected crop, the fourth is the crop.

    • R'RёS,R ° F "RёR№


      • R'RёS,R ° F "RёR№


        • R'RёS,R ° F "RёR№


    • Novel

      With all my desire, I cannot call the sharpness high by modern standards, even on a “full frame” (which is a crop in fact). Crop from a crop, of course, is completely unacceptable either in sharpness or in a sphere.

      In general, it is interesting, even in Arkady's photo, the image in the blur zone is covered with a characteristic white veil. I once had a monocle from Jupiter, and there, even on conventionally “sharp” shots, this effect was observed in an exaggerated form, but here only in bokeh. Perhaps this is the reason for the similar nature of the Zonnars' bokeh?

  • Nika

    Tell me, what is the adapter for the Sony A6000?

    • B. R. P.

      M42-Sony E.

  • Andrei

    Hello. Will this lens with Lushnikov chip work with nikon z6 camera?

  • Alla


    I am looking for a used, but we do not have it for sale. Can you ship to Kazakhstan and how much will it cost? thanks

    • B. R. P.

      They don't actually trade here.

  • R'RёS,R ° F "RёR№

    My last photos are on Jupiter 37A. I am happy with this lens.

    • B. R. P.

      Cute pics.

  • R'RёS,R ° F "RёR№

    My last photos are on Jupiter 37A.

    • R'RёS,R ° F "RёR№

      I am happy with this lens.

      • R'RёS,R ° F "RёR№


        • R'RёS,R ° F "RёR№

          And the last one.

  • Paul

    How is he with the radio phone? foniyat lens or enlightenment? Is there an article on this topic in general?

    • B. R. P.

      There is nothing fonit there. Where did you get this nonsense. There is no such article here and it is not necessary. Google easily searches for a list of focal lenses. There are no Soviet ones among them, some old Japanese (eg Takumaras), etc.

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English-version of this article https://radojuva.com/en/2011/02/obzor-jupiter-37a-otzuvu-yupiter/